NEW YORK CITY CHALLENGES

Creating an Essay Outline and References Page

Using the four sources from Forms 1 and 2, you will now create an outline for your 5-paragraph essay. This outline will help you determine what will be in each paragraph, how to use your sources, and whether you need additional research to support your ideas. The goal is to use the quotations and paraphrases you have already selected on Forms 1 and 2, but you may use other sources if you need to as long as they are reliable.

Use the format below to type your outline and references page. Complete every section with appropriate information for each of the essay’s five paragraphs, and end with a References list created in APA style. The References list must include your four sources from Forms 1 and 2. Remember to delete the samples on the last page once you add your own references!

When adding quotations and paraphrases, keep the following in mind:

· Each paragraph of your essay must include at least one quotation or paraphase.

· The essay must have at least two paraphrases and at least two quotations. It may have more of either, but it cannot have only quotes or only paraphrases.

· You cannot put two quotations in a row.

· Each of your four sources needs to be quoted or paraphrased somewhere in the essay.

· Source information in the introduction and conclusion will be more about your person in general, and source information in the body paragraphs must be specific to that specific subtopic.

I. Introduction

A. Introduce the general topic: Below, write the first sentence of your essay that will interest readers in finding out more about your person. (This is your own sentence – no source info!)

B. Quotation or paraphrase about your person: This quotation or paraphrase should be something attention-grabbing about your person. Try to use one from Forms 1 or 2! It should not be specific from your three subtopics and cannot appear elsewhere in the paper. Cite it in APA style with signal phrase, quotation marks (if needed), and in-text citation.

C. Three-part thesis statement: Put your final thesis statement below. This must be one complete sentence that states in your own words voice the three thesis points you have selected about your person based on Forms 1 and 2.

II. Body #1 Subtopic:

A. Topic sentence: Write one sentence introducing the first subtopic in your thesis. This must be in your own words with no information from a source.

B. Quotation or paraphrase: Provide one quotation or paraphrase below that you plan to use in this section. Try to use one from Forms 1 or 2! Remember that this quotation or paraphrase must be directly related to this thesis point. Cite it in APA style with signal phrase, quotation marks (if needed), and in-text citation.

III. Body #2 Subtopic:

A. Topic sentence: Write one sentence introducing the second subtopic in your thesis. This must be in your own words with no information from a source.

B. Quotation or paraphrase: Provide one quotation or paraphrase below that you plan to use in this section. Try to use one from Forms 1 or 2! Remember that this quotation or paraphrase must be directly related to this thesis point. Cite it in APA style with signal phrase, quotation marks (if needed), and in-text citation.

IV. Body #3 Subtopic:

A. Topic sentence: Write one sentence introducing the third subtopic in your thesis. This must be in your own words with no information from a source.

B. Final quotation or paraphrase: Provide one quotation or paraphrase below that you plan to use in this section. Try to use one from Forms 1 or 2! Remember that this quotation or paraphrase must be directly related to this thesis point. Cite it in APA style with signal phrase, quotation marks (if needed), and in-text citation.

V. Conclusion

A. Rephrase the thesis statement: Reword your thesis in a new word to conclude. Mention your three subtopics again in one sentence, but do not repeat the 3-part thesis.

B. Quotation or paraphrase: This quotation or paraphrase should be an impressive final fact about your person or a quote of something your person said. Try to use one from Forms 1 or 2! It should not be specific from your three subtopics and cannot appear elsewhere in the paper. Cite it in APA style with signal phrase, quotation marks (if needed), and in-text citation.

References

Gold, D. (2013, January 1). Evolution of the cookie. Women in Business,10-11, 32+. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com

Goodison, D.L. (2002). Nestle Toll House franchises arriving. The Boston Business Journal, 22(21), 9-12. doi: 10.1177/1080569913476543

Michaud, J. (2013, December 19). Sweet morsels: A history of the chocolate chip cookie. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com

Stradley, L. (2017). History of cookies. Retrieved from What’s Cooking America website: https://whatscookingamerica.net/History/CookieHistory.htm

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