WEEK 7 ETHICS DISCUSSIONS

One of the problems in environmental ethics regarding entire ecosystems is their lack of inclusion in moral theory. Ecosystems are neither considered a person nor consciousness and thus cannot be defended in a court of law.

What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of the following moral theories as a basis for protecting an ecosystem?

Social contract theory.

The principle of utility.

Rights.

The principle of equality

In your view, how can ecosystems best be defended

?

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